brazil's CLIMATE and weather: TEMPERATURES, RAIN and humidity 

Brazil is usually divided in five big climate zones:

The Amazon Basin region (1), with an equatorial climate characterized by pleasant temperatures but high humidity and precipitation levels (even in the "dry" season). 

The Northeastern Coast (2), from Fortaleza to the Bahian south coast, with a travel-friendly climate pattern all year long, but also with a rainy and a dry tropical season.

The Rio de JaneiroVitoria and Sao Paulo coast (3), with a hybrid weather pattern.

The South Region (4), with a temperate, four seasons climate pattern.

The Inland Plateau (5), including the Pantanal or cities like Cuiabá, with a hard dry season and extreme temperatures.

The map above shows the configuration of these five climatic regions.

For more information:
Brazil Manaus weather (Amazon)
Recife, Fortaleza and Bahia table weather: the Northeast coast
Brazil Rio de Janeiro table weather
Brazil São Paulo table weather
Pantanal and Brazilia table weather
South of Brazil (Florianopolis, Iguassu) table weather
Best weather seasons and months: visiting Brazil in Jan, Feb, March, Ap, May, Jun, July, Aug, Sept, Oct, Nov, Dec

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AMAZON RIVER AND RAINFOREST

It's helpful to consider a two-season weather pattern for the Amazon: a rain and dry season. But be aware: actually, there is no real dry season in the Amazon basin; it rains a lot all throughout the year. It's largely a question of degree.

Anyway, precipitation levels vary indeed a lot, and it is a much better time to visit the Amazon in the "dry" season

Best time to travel: the driest months; June to September, in Manaus.

Most popular time: though not the best time, the Amazon is mostly visited in the Brazilian summer: December to March (the Brazilian high season).

Average temperatures: fairly constant all over the year, as shown in the tables below.

Humidity levels: high; a lot higher in the rainy months (see table here).

Weather tables (below): Manaus, in the Central Amazon; and Belem, a tropical-"steamy" city in the mouth of the Amazon.

More information:
Best time to travel to the Amazon, Manaus
Amazon maps and tours

Manaus weather table

  Average temp ºC Aver. Temp. Fahr. Rainfall mm Rainfall inches Rain days
Min Max Min Max
Jan 24 31 75 88 250 9,8 20
Feb 24 31 75 88 230 9,1 20
Mar 24 31 75 88 260 10,2 20
Apr 24 31 75 88 220 8,7 18
May 24 31 75 88 170 6,7 18
Jun 24 32 75 90 85 3,3 10
Jul 24 32 75 90 60 2,4 8
Aug 24 33 75 91 40 1,6 6
Sep 24 33 75 91 45 1,8 8
Oct 24 33 75 91 105 4,1 10
Nov 24 33 75 91 141 5,6 12
Dec 24 32 75 90 200 7,9 16

Amazon weather table - Belem

  Average temp ºC Aver. Temp. Fahr. Rainfall mm Rainfall inches Rain days
Min Max Min Max
Jan 22 31 72 88 310 12,2 26
Feb 22 31 72 88 360 14,2 26
Mar 23 31 73 88 360 14,2 27
Apr 23 31 73 88 325 12,8 27
May 23 31 73 88 260 10,2 25
Jun 23 31 73 88 170 6,7 21
Jul 22 31 72 88 150 5,9 19
Aug 22 31 72 88 111 4,4 16
Sep 22 32 72 90 90 3,5 16
Oct 22 32 72 90 85 3,3 16
Nov 22 32 72 90 68 2,7 12
Dec 22 32 72 90 156 6,1 20

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BAHIA, RECIFE, FORTALEZA: NORTH AND NORTHEAST COASTLINE wEATHER

This coastline stretches more more than 1,900 miles (3,000 Km).

Air and seawater temperatures are tropical and pleasant all year long; humidity varies according to the time of the year (following the air temperature pattern: higher in the rainy season, lower in the dryer months).

The most popular time: December to March; fun, music festivals and nightlife are at their peak. Temperatures are high and precipitation levels vary with the location and the exact month - there is significiant differences between Bahia and Fortaleza (after all they are more than 1,000 miles away).

More information, including weather tables:
Best time to go to Bahia, Salvador
Best time to go to Recife, Pernambuco
Best time to go to Fortaleza, Ceará
Brazil seawater temperatures

Northeast coast, Recife

  Average temp ºC Aver. Temp. Fahr. Rainfall mm Rainfall inches Rain days
Min Max Min Max
Jan 25 30 77 86 55 2,2 10
Feb 25 30 77 86 80 3,1 12
Mar 24 30 75 86 160 6,3 14
Apr 24 29 75 84 220 8,7 16
May 23 28 73 82 250 9,8 20
Jun 23 28 73 82 280 11 20
Jul 22 28 72 82 250 9,8 22
Aug 22 27 72 81 150 5,9 18
Sep 23 28 73 82 65 2,6 11
Oct 24 29 75 84 25 1 8
Nov 24 29 75 84 25 1 7
Dec 25 29 77 84 30 1,2 6

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RIO DE JANEIRO wEATHER

Rio's weather is hot and subtropical from November to March, but there are significant differences from month to month and nearby towns and beaches can experience significant differences. Choosing the best time to visit Rio de Janeiro depends a lot on your focus. 

Most popular time to go to Rio: the most popular time to visit Rio goes from October-November to April - the summer months (and the hottest and rainiest). Expect average temperatures around 77-80ºF (25-27ºC), maximum temperatures around 100ºF (40ºC) and average humidity levels around 80% or more.

More information:
Best time to visit Rio
Seawater temperatures, Brazil
Rio de Janeiro Traveling

Rio de Janeiro

  Average temp ºC Aver. Temp. Fahr. Rainfall mm Rainfall inches Rain days
Min Max Min Max
Jan 24 28 75 82 120 4,7 12
Feb 24 28 75 82 120 4,7 11
Mar 23 28 73 82 130 5,1 12
Apr 22 27 72 81 110 4,3 10
May 20 25 68 77 80 3,1 10
Jun 10 24 50 75 50 2 7
Jul 17 24 63 75 40 1,6 6
Aug 18 24 64 75 45 1,8 7
Sep 18 25 64 77 65 2,6 10
Oct 20 25 68 77 80 3,1 12
Nov 20 26 68 79 100 3,9 13
Dec 22 28 72 82 140 5,5 14

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SAO PAULO WEATHER

We can distinguish a four season weather pattern in Sao Paulo. The Spring (September to November) and Autumn (April to June) are typically sunny, with moderate to high temperatures and some afternoon showers.

Winter temperatures (June - September) are typically mild; they rarely hit freezing. That's also the driest time.

Sao Paulo's summer goes from December to March, and that's the rainiest and hottest time (temperatures are 90º F are common).

More information:
Best time to visit Sao Paulo
Sao Paulo and the South of Brazil

Sao Paulo table weather

  Average temp ºC Aver. Temp. Fahr. Rainfall mm Rainfall inches Rain days
Min Max Min Max
Jan 19 28 66 82 235 9,3 15
Feb 19 28 66 82 200 7,9 12
Mar 19 28 66 82 145 5,7 10
Apr 18 26 64 79 60 2,4 8
May 15 23 59 73 40 1,6 8
Jun 15 21 59 70 40 1,6 4
Jul 14 21 57 70 30 1,2 3
Aug 14 22 57 72 35 1,4 3
Sep 14 25 57 77 60 2,4 3
Oct 15 25 59 77 150 5,9 14
Nov 17 26 63 79 120 4,7 14
Dec 18 26 64 79 200 7,9 15

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BRAZILIA, BELO HORIZONTE AND PANTANAL WEATHER

This inland plateay region covers a wide territory, with a diverse weather pattern. Problems of high temperatures and low humidity are common in cities like Brazilia (the capital of Brazil) and in some places of the Pantanal (America's largest wildlife reserve).

See for details:
Best time to visit Brasilia
Best time to visit Pantanal
Best time to visit Belo Horizonte

Brazilian plateau (Goias)

  Average temp ºC Aver. Temp. Fahr. Rainfall mm Rainfall inches Rain days
Min Max Min Max
Jan 17 31 63 88 320 12,6 15
Feb 17 32 63 90 250 9,8 15
Mar 17 32 63 90 260 10,2 15
Apr 17 33 63 91 118 4,6 6
May 17 33 63 91 10 0,4 1
Jun 13 32 55 90 8 0,3 0
Jul 13 32 55 90 0 0 0
Aug 15 34 59 93 8 0,3 1
Sep 17 34 63 93 60 2,4 4
Oct 17 34 63 93 135 5,3 7
Nov 17 32 63 90 240 9,4 13
Dec 17 32 63 90 240 9,4 13

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IGUASSU, FLORIANOPOLIS AND SOUTH BRAZIL

The south of Brazil has cold winters and a four season weather pattern. Anyway, the climate varies significantly: the weather in Iguassu Falls is more similar to that of Sao Paulo, than to the climate of coastal cities such as Curitiba or Porto Alegre.

See for details:
Best time to visit the Iguassu Falls
Best time to visit Florianopolis
Best time to visit Porto Alegre
Best time to visit Curitiba
Sao Paulo and the south of Brazil Coastline

South Brazil coastal weather climate (Porto Alegre)

  Average temp ºC Aver. Temp. Fahr. Rainfall mm Rainfall inches Rain days
Min Max Min Max
Jan 20 31 68 88 90 3,5 8
Feb 20 31 68 88 80 3,1 8
Mar 18 29 64 84 100 3,9 8
Apr 15 26 59 79 105 4,1 9
May 12 22 54 72 115 4,5 9
Jun 9 19 48 66 130 5,1 10
Jul 9 19 48 66 115 4,5 10
Aug 10 21 50 70 130 5,1 11
Sep 12 21 54 70 130 5,1 10
Oct 14 23 57 73 86 3,4 10
Nov 15 27 59 81 80 3,1 8
Dec 18 29 64 84 89 3,5 8

 

 

 

 

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